Pediatric Respiratory Diseases

Pediatric Respiratory Diseases
At our hospital, respiratory system diseases such as upper respiratory tract viral infections, viral infection-related recurrent wheezing, prolonged coughs, asthma, allergic rhinitis, bronchiolitis and pneumonia are treated and followed up within the Pediatric Chest Diseases.  In addition, further assessments are carried out on patients who do not develop adequately, who do not respond well to treatment,  who are thought to have congenital respiratory system diseases, and who require differential diagnosis, this is seen less in children.  

Patients who are treated in our department are informed in detail, about intermediary devices (chamber, volumatic, nebulizer) and inhaled medicines, that will be used in the treatment of respiratory tract diseases and environmental measures (cigarette smoke, sanitising, protection).  Blood tests, allergy tests, culture (sputum, throat), radiological examinations (chest radiography and tomography) are performed in our hospital for patients who require these tests.  
 
All over the world and in our country, respiratory system (lung and airway) diseases are among the most common reason for children to consult a doctor and be hospitalized.  Pediatric Chest Diseases Department deals with congenital or acquired respiratory system diseases in children.

 In childhood,  developmental disorders of the lung or airways may be congenital, cystic fibrosis, primary ciliary dyskinesia, immunodeficiency, etc., or viral upper respiratory tract infections, chronic cough, asthma (allergic or non-allergic), bronchiolitis, bronchitis, pneumonia (bacterial, viral , reflux-induced aspiration), foreign body aspiration, tuberculosis, pleurisy, empyema, etc., many lung and airway diseases are seen and these diseases may have clinically similar symptoms and signs. Prolonged or recurrent cough, nocturnal coughs, recurrent wheezing, wheezing, sputum and shortness of breath are the most common symptoms.

 The basic principle is to investigate the underlying disease by performing detailed anamnesis, physical examination and laboratory studies and to make differential diagnosis with other diseases in patients who apply to a Pediatric Chest Diseases specialist with respiratory system complaints. After the diagnosis, it is very important to take the necessary precautions to ensure that the patient is treated, the clinical follow ups are done and  recurrences are prevented.  Because airways and lungs are directly related to the surrounding air we are in. Therefore, the respiratory system is exposed to many environmental factors such as allergens, viral and bacterial infectious agents, cigarette smoke, dust, pollen and moisture


 
Pediatric Respiratory Diseases
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